not to be confused with Thomas Kinkaid For other people with similar names, see Thomas Kincaid ( disambiguation )
Reading: Thomas Kinkade – Wikipedia
William Thomas Kinkade III ( January 19, 1958 – April 6, 2012 ) [ 2 ] [ 3 ] was an american painter of democratic realistic, pastorale, and idyllic subjects. [ 3 ] He is celebrated for achieving success during his life with the mass market of his work as print reproductions and other licensed products by means of the Thomas Kinkade Company. According to Kinkade ‘s ship’s company, one in every twenty american homes owned a transcript of one of his paintings. [ 4 ] Kinkade described himself as a “ Painter of Light ”, a phrase he protected by brand, but which was earlier used to describe the english artist J. M. W. Turner ( 1775–1851 ). [ 5 ] Kinkade was criticized for some of his behavior and business practices ; art critics faulted his work for being “ kitsch “. Kinkade died of “ acute accent poisoning ” from alcohol and the drug diazepam at the historic period of 54 .
early life and department of education [edit ]
William Thomas Kinkade was born on January 19, 1958, in Sacramento County, California. [ 6 ] He grew up in the town of Placerville, graduated from El Dorado High School in 1976, and attended the University of California, Berkeley, and Art Center College of Design in Pasadena. [ 1 ] Some of the people who mentored and taught Kinkade prior to college were Charles Bell and Glenn Wessels. [ 1 ] Wessels encouraged Kinkade to go to the University of California at Berkeley. Kinkade ‘s relationship with Wessels is the topic of a semi-autobiographical movie released during 2008, Christmas Cottage. After two years of general department of education at Berkeley, Kinkade transferred to the Art Center College of Design in Pasadena .
career [edit ]
During June 1980, Kinkade spent a summer traveling across the United States with his college friend James Gurney. The two of them finished their journey in New York and secured a contract with Guptill Publications to produce a sketch handbook. Two years belated they produced a book, The Artist’s Guide to Sketching, [ 1 ] which was one of Guptill Publications ‘ best-sellers that year. The success of the book resulted in both working for Ralph Bakshi Studios where they created background art for the 1983 animated feature movie Fire and Ice. While working on the movie, Kinkade began to explore the delineation of light and of think worlds. After the movie, Kinkade worked as a painter, selling his originals in galleries throughout California .
artistic themes and style [edit ]
Recurring features of Kinkade ‘s paintings are their glow colors and pastel colors. Rendered with exalted values of american scene paint, his works often portray bucolic and idyllic settings such as gardens, streams, stone cottages, lighthouses and Main Streets. His hometown of Placerville ( where his works are much display ) was the divine guidance for many of his street and coke scenes. He besides depicted versatile Christian themes including the Christian cross and churches. Kinkade said he was emphasizing the prize of simpleton pleasures and that his captive was to communicate inspirational messages through his paintings. A self-described “ dear christian ” ( even giving all four of his children the in-between name “ christian ” [ 7 ] ), Kinkade believed he gained his divine guidance from his religious beliefs and that his work was intended to include a moral dimension. many pictures include specific chapter-and-verse allusions to bible passages. Kinkade said, “ I am frequently asked why there are no people in my paintings, ” [ 8 ] but in 2009 he painted a portrait of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway for the cover of that year ‘s Indianapolis 500 race broadcast that included details of the crowd, hiding among them the figures of Norman Rockwell and Dale Earnhardt. He besides painted the farewell portrait for Yankee Stadium. [ 9 ] [ 10 ] Concerning the Indianapolis Motor Speedway paint, Kinkade said :
The rage I have is to capture memories, to evoke the emotional connection we have to an experience. I came extinct here and stood up on the bleachers and looked around, and I saw all the elements of the traverse. It was empty at the clock time. But I saw the stadium, how the track laid out, the horizon, the horizon of Indianapolis and the Pagoda. I saw it all in my imagination. I began thinking, ‘ I want to get this energy — what I call the excitement of the moment — into this painting. ‘ As I began working on it, I thought, ‘Well you have this adult piece of asphalt, the huge spectator pump stands ; I ‘ve got to do something to get some movement. ‘ So I fair started throwing flags into it. It gives it kind of a patriotic agitation. [ 9 ]
artist and Guggenheim Fellow Jeffrey Vallance has spoken about Kinkade ‘s devout religious themes and their reception in the art worldly concern : [ 11 ]
This is another area that the contemporary art global has a difficult time with, that I find concern. He expresses what he believes and puts that in his art. That is not the swerve in the high-art worldly concern at the consequence, the idea that you can express things spiritually and be taken seriously … It is constantly difficult to present serious religious ideas in an artwork context. That is why I like Kinkade. It is a difficult thing to do .
essayist Joan Didion is a representative critic of Kinkade ‘s style : [ 12 ]
A Kinkade painting was typically rendered in slightly dreamlike pastels. It typically featured a bungalow or a house of such clamant coziness as to seem actually baleful, implicative of a trap designed to attract Hansel and Gretel. Every window was lit, to lurid effect, as if the interior of the structure might be on ardor .
Didion besides compared the “ Kinkade Glow ” to the luminism of 19th-century painter Albert Bierstadt, who sentimentalized the ill-famed Donner Pass in his Donner Lake from the Summit. [ 13 ] Didion saw “ faze similarities ” between the two painters, and worried that Kinkade ‘s discussion of the Sierra Nevada, The Mountains Declare His Glory, similarly ignored the tragedy of the storm dispersion of Yosemite ‘s Sierra Miwok Indians during the Gold Rush, by including an fanciful Miwok camp as what he calls “ an avowal that man has his seat, even in a place setting touched by God ‘s glory. ” [ 12 ] Mike McGee, director of the CSUF Grand Central Art Center at California State University, Fullerton, wrote of the Thomas Kinkade Heaven on Earth exhibition : [ 14 ]
Looking equitable at the paintings themselves it is obvious that they are technically competent. Kinkade ‘s flair, however, is in his capacity to identify and fulfill the needs and desires of his prey audience—he cites his mother as a key influence and archetypal audience — and to couple this with understanding marketing … If Kinkade ‘s art is chiefly about ideas, and I think it is, it could be suggested that he is a conceptual artist. All he would have to do to solidify this position would be to make an announcement that the impression he has expounded are fair Duchampian model to achieve his successes. But this will never happen. Kinkade seriously believes in his faith in God and his personal agenda as an artist .
authenticity [edit ]
Kinkade ‘s production method acting has been described as “ a semi-industrial march in which low-level apprentices embellish a prefab base provided by Kinkade. ” [ 15 ] Kinkade reportedly designed and painted all of his works, which were then moved into the adjacent stage of the action of mass-produce prints. It is assumed he created most of the original, conceptual work that he produced. however, he besides employed a number of studio apartment assistants to help create multiple prints of his celebrated oils. frankincense while it is believed that Kinkade designed and painted all of his original paintings, the ones collectors were likely to own were printed factory-like and touched up with manual brush strokes by person early than Kinkade. [ 16 ] Kinkade is reportedly one of the most forge artists, in bombastic region because of advances in low-cost, high resoluteness digital photography and impression technology. additionally, mass-produce hand-painted fakes from countries such as China and Thailand abound in the U.S. and around the earth. In 2011, the Kinkade studio said that Kinkade was the most gather artist in Asia but received no income from those regions because of far-flung forgery. [ 17 ]
business [edit ]
Kinkade ‘s works are sold by mail order and in dedicate retail outlets. Some of the prints besides feature light effects that are painted onto the mark coat by pass by “ skilled craftsmen, ” touches that add to the delusion of light and the resemblance to an master influence of artwork, and which are then sold at greater prices. Licensing with Hallmark and other corporations has made it potential for Kinkade ‘s images to be used extensively for other merchandise such as calendars, saber saw puzzles, greeting cards, and CDs. By December 2009, his images besides appeared on Walmart gift cards. [ citation needed ] Kinkade is reported to have earned $ 53 million for his artistic work during the period 1997 to May 2005. [ 18 ] About 2000, there was a home network of several hundred Thomas Kinkade Signature Galleries ; however, they began to falter during the late-2000s recession. During June 2010, his Morgan Hill, California manufacture operation that reproduced the art filed for chapter 11 bankruptcy security, listing about $ 6.2 million in creditors ‘ claims. [ 19 ] The company, Pacific Metro, planned to reduce its costs by outsourcing much of its manufacture. [ 20 ]
criticism and controversy [edit ]
reception [edit ]
Although Kinkade was among the most commercially successful painters of the 1990s, his exploit has been criticized negatively by art critics. [ 19 ] [ 21 ] [ 22 ] Soon after news of Kinkade ‘s death in April 2012, author Susan Orlean termed his passing the death of a “ kitsch passkey ”. [ 23 ] During the same month, journalist Laura Miller lampooned Kinkade ‘s employment as “ a bunch together of brassy bungalow paintings ”. [ 24 ] Kinkade was criticized for the extent to which he commercialized his artwork, for example, by selling his prints on the QVC home shop network. Some academics expressed concerns about the implications of Kinkade ‘s success in relation to western perceptions of ocular artwork : in 2009, Nathan Rabin of The A.V. Club wrote, “ To his detractors, he represents the wallow of sub-mediocrity and the commercialization and homogenization of painting [ … ] possibly no other cougar has been as shameless or as successful at transforming himself into a corporation as Kinkade. ” [ 25 ] Among such people, he is known more as a “ promenade artist ” or a “ chocolate box artist “ [ 8 ] than as a merited painter. Rabin later described Kinkade ‘s paintings jointly as “ a bathetic, disgustingly bathetic imagination of a worldly concern where everything is ampere soothing as a warm cup of hot chocolate with marshmallows on a cold December day ”. [ 26 ] In a 2001 interview, Kinkade said, “ I am truly the most controversial artist in the world. ” [ 27 ]
clientele practices [edit ]
Kinkade ‘s company, Media Arts Group Inc., was accused of unfair dealings with owners of Thomas Kinkade Signature Gallery franchises. In 2006, an arbitration display panel awarded Karen Hazlewood and Jeffrey Spinello $ 860,000 in damages and $ 1.2 million in fees and expenses due to Kinkade ‘s company “ [ failing ] to disclose material information ” that would have discouraged them from investing in the gallery. [ 28 ] [ 29 ] [ 30 ] The award was late increased to $ 2.8 million with interest and legal fees. [ 31 ] The plaintiffs and other former gallery owners besides made accusations of being pressured to open extra galleries that were not viable financially, being forced to accept expensive, unsalable armory, and being undersell by dismiss outlets the prices of which they were not allowed to match. [ 32 ] Kinkade denied the accusations, and Media Arts Group had defended itself successfully in previous suits by other former gallery owners. Kinkade himself was not singled out in the finding of imposter by the arbitration board. [ 29 ] In August 2006, the Los Angeles Times reported that the FBI was investigating these issues, with agents from offices across the country conducting interviews. [ 33 ]
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early gallery dealers besides charged that the caller used Christianity to take advantage of people. “ They actually knew how to bait the hook, ” said one ex-dealer who spoke on condition of anonymity. “ They surely used the christian hook. ” [ 34 ] One erstwhile dealer ‘s lawyer stated, “ Most of my clients got involved with Kinkade because it was presented as a religious opportunity. Being defrauded is atrocious enough, but doing it in the name of God is truly despicable. ” [ 35 ] On June 2, 2010, Pacific Metro, the artist ‘s production company, filed for chapter 11 bankruptcy, one day after defaulting on a $ 1 million court-imposed requital to the aforesaid Karen Hazlewood and Jeffrey Spinello. [ 31 ] A $ 500,000 payment had been disbursed previously. From 1997 through 2005, motor hotel documents show at least 350 independently owned Kinkade franchises. By May 2005, that number had more than halved. Kinkade received $ 50 million during this time period. [ 31 ] An initial cash investment of $ 80,000 to $ 150,000 is listed as a inauguration cost for franchisees. [ 36 ]
personal impart [edit ]
The Los Angeles Times reported that some of Kinkade ‘s early colleagues, employees, and even collectors of his work said that he had a long history of curse and heckling other artists and performers. The Times far reported that he openly fondled a womanhood ‘s breasts at a South Bend, Indiana sales event, and alleged his proclivity for ritual territory notice by micturition, once relieving himself on a Winnie the Pooh figure at the Disneyland Hotel in Anaheim while saying, “ This one ‘s for you, Walt. ” [ 37 ] [ 38 ] In a letter to licensed drift owners acknowledging he might have behaved badly during a nerve-racking time when he overindulged in food and beverage, Kinkade said accounts of the alcohol-related incidents included “ exaggerated, and in some cases outright fabricated personal accusations ”. The letter did not address any incident specifically. [ 38 ] In 2006, John Dandois, Media Arts Group executive, recounted a narrative that on one occasion six years previously, Kinkade became drink at a Siegfried & Roy magic show in Las Vegas and began shouting “ Codpiece ! codpiece ! ” at the performers. finally he was calmed by his beget. [ 37 ] Dandois besides said of Kinkade, “ Thom would be fine, he would be drink, and then all of a sudden, you could n’t tell where the boundary was, and then he became very incoherent, and he would start curse and doing a lot of eldritch material. ” [ 37 ] In June 2010, Kinkade was arrested in Carmel, California, for driving while under the determine of alcohol. He was belated convicted. [ 19 ] [ 39 ] [ 40 ]
refer projects and partnerships [edit ]
Kinkade was selected by a issue of organizations to celebrate anniversaries, including Disneyland ‘s fiftieth anniversary, Walt Disney World Resort ‘s thirty-fifth anniversary, Elvis Presley ‘s buy of Graceland 50 years previously and the twenty-fifth anniversary of its opening to the populace, and Yankee Stadium ‘s farewell 85th season in 2008. Kinkade besides paid tribute to Fenway Park. [ 41 ] Kinkade was the artist choose to depict the historic Biltmore House ; he besides created the commemorative portrait of the fiftieth run of the Daytona 500 during 2008. [ 41 ] During 2001, Media Arts unveiled “ The village at Hiddenbrooke, ” a Kinkade-themed community of homes, built outside of Vallejo, California, in partnership with the international construction company Taylor Woodrow. Salon ‘s Janelle Brown visited the community and found it to be “ the demand antonym of the Kinkadeian ideal. rather of quaint cottages, there ‘s generic tract caparison ; alternatively of exuberant landscapes, concrete patios ; rather of a cozy greenwich village, there ‘s a politic solicitation of homes with nothing—- not a church service, not a cafe, not even a town square—- to draw them in concert. ” [ 42 ]
Charities and affiliations [edit ]
Kinkade donated to non-profit organizations concerned with children, humanitarian easing, and the arts, including the Make-a-Wish Foundation, World Vision, Art for Children Charities, and the Salvation Army. During 2002, he partnered with the Salvation Army to create two jacob’s ladder prints, The Season of Giving and The Light of Freedom. Proceeds from the sale of the prints were donated to the Salvation Army for their relief efforts at the World Trade Center site and to aid the victims of the September 11 attacks and their families in New York City, Pennsylvania, and Washington D.C. More than $ 2 million was donated as a result of this affiliation. [ 43 ] In 2003, Kinkade was chosen as a National Spokesman for the Make-A-Wish Foundation, and during the 20 Years of Light Tour in 2004, he raised more than $ 750,000 and granted 12 wishes for children with dangerous medical conditions. [ 44 ] In 2005, the Points of Light Foundation, a nonprofit organization dedicated to engaging more people more effectively in volunteer service to help solve serious sociable problems, named Kinkade as “ Ambassador of Light ”. He was the second person in the Foundation ‘s 15-year history to be chosen as Ambassador, the first being the organization ‘s fall through, early U.S. President George H. W. Bush. [ 41 ] During his Ambassador of Light Tour, Kinkade visited cities countrywide to increase awareness and raise money for the Points of Light Foundation and the Volunteer Center National Network, which serves more than 360 Points of lighter member Volunteer Centers in communities across the nation. [ 45 ] Archbishop Mitty High School of San Jose dedicated the “ Thomas Kinkade Center for the Arts ” in 2003. [ 46 ] Kinkade was reportedly a member of the Church of the Nazarene. [ 47 ]
Awards and recognition [edit ]
Kinkade received many awards for his works, including multiple National Association of Limited Edition Dealers ( NALED ) awards for Artist of the class and Graphic Artist of the Year, and his art was named Lithograph of the Year nine times. [ 41 ] In 2002, Kinkade was inducted into the California Tourism Hall of Fame as an individual who had influenced the public ‘s perception of tourism in California through his images of California sights. He was selected along with chap artists Simon Bull and Howard Behrens to commemorate the 2002 Salt Lake City Winter Olympics and the 2002 World Series. He was besides honored with the 2002 World Children ‘s Center Humanitarian Award for his contributions to improving the wellbeing of children and their families through his work with Kolorful Kids and Art for Children. [ 41 ] In 2003, Kinkade was chosen as a national spokesperson for the Make-A-Wish Foundation. In 2004, he was selected for a second time by the Christmas Pageant of Peace to paint the National Christmas Tree in Washington, D.C. The paint, Symbols of Freedom, was the official image for the 2004 Pageant of Peace. [ 41 ] In 2004, Kinkade received an award from NALED recognizing him as the Most Award Winning Artist in the past 25 Years. In 2005, he was named the NALED Graphic Artist of the class. He was besides recognized for his beneficent efforts by NALED with the Eugene Freedman Humanitarian Award. [ 41 ]
In popular culture [edit ]
In Heath and Potter ‘s 2004 book The Rebel Sell: Why the Culture Can’t Be Jammed, Kinkade ‘s ferment is described as “ sol awed it must be seen to be believed ”. [ 48 ] In Dana Spiotta ‘s 2011 novel Stone Arabia, the main quality ‘s boyfriend, an artwork teacher at a private school in Los Angeles, gives her presents of Thomas Kinkade Painter of Light pieces. “ When I asked him why Thomas Kinkade, he equitable said, ‘Well, he is America ‘s most successful artist. And a native californian deoxyadenosine monophosphate well. ‘ Or he would say, ‘His diagnose has a trademark — see ? ‘ and he would point to the subscript that appeared after his name. ” The pieces are “ profoundly hideous ” and “ bathetic, ” but for some reason she loves them. [ 49 ] Mat Johnson ‘s 2011 fresh Pym includes a spoof of Kinkade named Thomas Karvel, “ the Master of Light ”. [ 50 ] A self-generated movie about Kinkade, Thomas Kinkade’s Christmas Cottage, was released on DVD in late November 2008. The semi-autobiographical story examines the motivation and divine guidance behind his most popular painting, The Christmas Cottage. Jared Padalecki plays Kinkade and Marcia Gay Harden plays his beget. Peter O’Toole plays young Kinkade ‘s mentor, who tells him, “ Paint the light, Thomas ! Paint the light!. ” [ 51 ] [ 52 ] Bob Odenkirk references Thomas Kinkade on his 2014 drollery album Amateur Hour. On the track “ The Kids ”, Odenkirk includes Kinkade ‘s paintings in a litany of things he encourages his children to appreciate when in reality he wants them to reject when they are older. In the 2017 movie, The House, with Will Ferrell and Amy Poehler, the suburban casino hides their safe behind a bombastic Thomas Kinkade print. [ 53 ]
personal life [edit ]
Kinkade married Nanette Willey in 1982, and the match had four daughters : Merritt ( b. 1988 ), Chandler ( b. 1991 ), Winsor ( b. 1995 ) and Everett ( bacillus. 1997 ), all named for celebrated artists. [ 1 ] He and his wife had been separated for more than a year before his death in 2012. [ 54 ]
Death and bequest [edit ]
Kinkade died in his Monte Sereno, California, home on April 6, 2012, at age 54. [ 2 ] [ 55 ] He is buried at Madronia Cemetery in Saratoga, California. Kinkade ‘s family said initially that he appeared to have died of natural causes. [ 2 ] It was reported after an autopsy that he died of “ acute drunkenness ” from alcohol and diazepam ( Valium ). [ 56 ] In documentation with the autopsy, according to Amy Pinto-Walsh, his girlfriend of 20 months, Kinkade had been at home drinking alcohol the night prior to his death. [ 57 ] [ 58 ] Pinto-Walsh stated that the artist “ died in his sleep, very happy, in the sign of the zodiac he built, with the paintings he loved, and the womanhood he loved. ” ”. [ 59 ] Kinkade was survived by his wife, Nanette, who had filed for divorce two years earlier and was traveling in Australia with their daughters : Merritt, Chandler, Winsor and Everett, who subsequently established the Kinkade Family Foundation. Kinkade ‘s brother, Dr. Patrick Kinkade, is a professor in the criminal judge department at Texas Christian University in Fort Worth. [ 60 ] After Kinkade ‘s end, his wife sought a restraining order against his girlfriend to prevent her from publicly releasing information and photograph with respect to Kinkade, his marriage, his business, and his personal demeanor that “ would be personally devastating ” to Kinkade ‘s wife. [ 61 ] By the end of the year, in December 2012, Nanette Kinkade and Amy Pinto-Walsh announced they had reached a private agreement. [ 62 ]
See besides [edit ]
References [edit ]
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