Sleeping Beauty (1959 film) – Wikipedia

1959 animate musical fantasy film produced by Walt Disney
Sleeping Beauty is a 1959 American animated musical fantasy film produced by Walt Disney based on the 1697 history “ Sleeping Beauty “ by Charles Perrault. The 16th Disney animated feature film, it was released to theaters on January 29, 1959, by Buena Vista Distribution. It features the voices of Mary Costa, Eleanor Audley, Verna Felton, Barbara Luddy, Barbara Jo Allen, Bill Shirley, Taylor Holmes, and Bill Thompson. The movie was directed by Les Clark, Eric Larson, and Wolfgang Reitherman, under the supervision of Clyde Geronimi. The film was written by Erdman Penner with extra floor bring by Joe Rinaldi, Winston Hibler, Bill Peet, Ted Sears, Ralph Wright, and Milt Banta. The film ‘s musical score and songs, featuring the work of the Graunke Symphony Orchestra under the focus of George Bruns, are arrangements or adaptations of numbers from the 1890 Sleeping Beauty ballet by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Sleeping Beauty was the beginning animize movie to be photographed in the Super Technirama 70 widescreen process, deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as the second full-length inspire feature film to be filmed in anamorphic widescreen, following Disney ‘s Lady and the Tramp four years earlier. The film was presented in Super Technirama 70 and 6-channel stereophonic fathom in the first-run engagements.

In 2019, the film was selected for conservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being “ culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant ”. [ 4 ] [ 5 ]

plot [edit ]

After respective years of having no children, the rulers of a european kingdom King Stefan and Queen Leah welcome the birth of their daughter, Princess Aurora. They proclaim a vacation for their subjects to pay court to the princess, and at her christening she is betrothed to Prince Phillip, the son of King Stefan ‘s friend King Hubert, to unite their kingdoms. Among the guests are the three good fairies, Flora, Fauna and Merryweather. Flora and Fauna bless Aurora with beauty and sung, respectively, but Merryweather ‘s gift is interrupted by the arrival of an evil sorceress named Maleficent. As revenge for not being invited, Maleficent curses Aurora, proclaiming that Aurora will grow in deck and beauty, but before the sun sets on her one-sixteenth birthday, she will prick her finger on the spindle of a spin wheel and fail. Since her charming is no stronger than Maleficent ‘s to undo the curse, Merryweather uses her bless to weaken the curse so that rather of dying, Aurora will fall into a deep sleep, only broken by true sleep together ‘s kiss. As a precaution, King Stefan orders all spin wheels throughout the kingdom be burned. At the fairies ‘ importunity, King Stefan and Queen Leah reluctantly bring Aurora to a bungalow in the afforest to live with the fairies in base hit. Sixteen years by and by, Aurora, renamed Briar Rose, grows into a beautiful new woman. On her one-sixteenth birthday, the fairies ask her to gather berries while they prepare a surprise party. Aurora befriends the animals of the forest and sings them a song, “ once Upon a Dream “. Phillip, now a fine-looking young man, follows Aurora ‘s voice and is instantaneously struck by her beauty. She is initially panicky, as she is not allowed to talk to strangers, but she and Phillip fall in beloved, and she invites him to meet her family at the bungalow that night. interim, Flora and Merryweather argue over the color of Aurora ‘s nightgown, attracting the attention of Maleficent ‘s devour who learns Aurora ‘s location. Returning family, Aurora is thrilled to tell her guardians that she has fallen in love. The fairies last tell Aurora that she is a princess, already betrothed to a prince, and she must never see the man she met again. Heartbroken, Aurora cries in her room. Phillip tells his father of the peasant girl he met and wishes to marry, in malice of his prearrange marriage. King Hubert fails to convince his son differently, leaving him devastated. The fairies take Aurora to the castle to await her birthday celebrations, where she will last see her parents. Maleficent appears and lures Aurora into a blue tower away from the fairies, and tricks her into touching the spike of a excommunicate spin bicycle. Aurora pricks her finger, fulfilling the curse. The three fairies place the sleeping Aurora on a bed in the highest loom and target a powerful while on all the people in the kingdom, causing them to sleep until the spell on their princess is broken. They overhear a sleepy conversation between the two kings, and realize that Phillip is the man with whom Aurora has fallen in love. They rush to find him, but he is abducted by Maleficent and her minions at the bungalow. She reveals to Phillip the capture princess and her plan to lock him away for a hundred until he is on the verge of death, then release him to meet his love, who will not have aged a single day. The fairies rescue Phillip, arming him with the charming Sword of Truth and the Shield of Virtue. An enrage Maleficent surrounds the castle with thorns but fails to stop Phillip. She teleports in front of him and transforms into a gigantic dragon. They struggle, and Phillip throws the sword, blessed by the fairies, directly into Maleficent ‘s heart, causing her to fall to her death. Phillip awakens Aurora with a kiss, breaking the go and waking the kingdom. The royal copulate descends to the ballroom, where Aurora is reunited with her parents. Flora and Merryweather continue their controversy over Aurora ‘s gown while the felicitous couple dances, living happily always after .

hurl [edit ]

Directing animators [edit ]

Eric Larson did not animate any of the characters for the film ; alternatively, he directed several sequences, including the forest sequence which stretches from Briar Rose ( a.k.a. Aurora ) wandering through the forest with her animal friends all the way to Princess Aurora renamed Briar Rose running back home, promising Phillip they will meet again later in the evening. This was the alone time Larson directed a sequence or a film during his tenure at Walt Disney Productions .

product [edit ]

Walt Disney first considered making a movie based on Charles Perrault ‘s fairy fib Sleeping Beauty in 1938. preliminary artwork was submitted by story artist Joe Grant, but the project did not move advancing. [ 6 ] In November 1950, Disney announced that he was developing Sleeping Beauty as an inspire have film, [ 8 ] although the production championship was register months earlier on January 19, 1950. This was prompted by a preview hearing ‘s positive reaction to Cinderella ( 1950 ). [ 10 ] Disney envisioned Sleeping Beauty as his “ masterpiece ”, a movie that he felt would be the pinnacle of his studio ‘s achievements in the field of animation. [ 12 ] He besides realized the risk of producing another fairy narrative feature film ascribable to the history ‘s similarity to his previous films, particularly, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs ( 1937 ) and Cinderella ( 1950 ). [ 6 ]

Story growth [edit ]

Bill Peet, Ted Sears, Winston Hibler, and Ralph Wright were assigned to develop the story. They decided to discard the “ bizarre ” second gear one-half of the Perrault ‘s report, which tells about the life of a sleeping beauty married to a foreign prince. rather, they would focus on its beginning half, ensuring the development of a more convert amatory relationship between the characters. In April 1951, the earliest know report sketch included a wake-up kiss as a climactic moment, angstrom well as the meeting between the prince and princess in the forest before the latter falls asleep. [ 16 ] It besides indicated the names of the fairies, the count of which was reduced from eight to four, and their corresponding charming abilities : tranquillity, the Fairy of the Dreams ; Fernadell, the Fairy of the Forest ; Merryweather, the Fairy of the Elements ; and Maleficent, the Fairy of Darkness. [ 16 ] [ 17 ] To strengthen the conflict in the narrative, [ 18 ] the report team expanded the character of the evil fairy, who was besides rewritten as more menacing character than her “ erstwhile hag-like ” counterpart from the original fib, while the good fairies were made into amusing companions and guardians of the princess. [ 16 ] several fib ideas from that period besides included Maleficent ‘s durable spin wheel, the fairies ‘ attack to surround the castle with a protective traffic circle, through which “ no evil thing that walks, or flies, or crawl could ever pass ”, [ 16 ] [ 20 ] and Maleficent ‘s comically incompetent vulture buddy [ 20 ] [ 21 ] ( although the draft depicted him as a baleful huge falcon ). [ 16 ] In June 1952, the full moon storyboard presentation was completed but Disney rejected it, concluding the history border on was besides alike to the studio ‘s earlier films. [ 12 ] Because of this, the story team threw out this version and worked from cancel while deciding to retain respective narrative points from earlier suggestions. These included the prince ‘s acquaintance with the princess before the bane is fulfilled, and, consequently, a shorter duration of her sleep, which lasted a hundred years in the original fagot narrative. [ 6 ] Part of the difficulty was trying to differentiate Disney ‘s third princess, who was named Aurora, from Snow White and Cinderella. To do that, the report artists came up with an idea to have the fairies rear her up in a forest bungalow, with Aurora being completely unaware of her background or the risk she was in. She besides was given a unlike personality style— ” a novelty and a mod sensibility ” to make her more appealing to audiences. At the same clock, Disney, inspired by the improvement of his animators ‘ skills in drawing of a realistic male design since Snow White, considered it important to expand the role and the character of the prince, who was named Phillip. Initially, the storyboard artists worked out an detailed sequence in which Aurora and Phillip would have met during a gem hunt, organized by the king, but the estimate was finally dropped when it became besides drawn out and drifted from the central storyline. alternatively, it was written that prince and princess would meet in the forest by random chance, an mind previously introduced in the 1951 outline. [ 16 ] besides, to further establish Phillip ‘s role as Aurora ‘s “ true beloved ”, story artists came up with an idea to have Maleficent kidnap him and plot to keep him prisoner in her castle for a century, which would besides serve as a twist on the centennial sleep from the original fairy fib. [ 23 ] Striving for a more good commission of storytelling, [ 18 ] Disney besides personally removed several gags and amusing scenes involving the Three Good Fairies, who by that fourth dimension had been renamed Flora, Fauna and Merryweather, feeling that they were excessively “ slapsticky ” and more appropriate for Donald Duck cartoons. [ 18 ] One of these was a sequence in which Flora, Fauna and Merryweather unsuccessfully try to bake a birthday patty for Aurora, but in the end they by chance blow up the oven. [ 18 ] besides, in the early versions of the report, Aurora was supposed to directly encounter with Maleficent, who would have tricked her into pricking the feel on the spindle. however, Disney felt that the “ eerie, haunting display of a victim powerless in the hands of evil ” would be the “ strongest and best statement for the film ”, so the view was changed to have Maleficent entice Aurora to her destine under hypnosis, without interacting with her directly. [ 25 ] [ 26 ] Despite Disney ‘s desire to not repeat themselves, several story elements originated from discarded ideas for Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs and Cinderella, including Maleficent ‘s capture of Phillip and his escape from her fortress, angstrom well as Disney ‘s favorite concept—prince and princess dancing on a cloud. [ 17 ] By mid-1952, Disney had planned to release Sleeping Beauty on Christmas 1955. however, production did not start until July 1953. By the middle of the same year, director Wilfred Jackson had recorded the dialogue, assembled a report reel, and was to commence preliminary animation work where Princess Aurora and Prince Philip were to meet in the forest and dance. In December 1953, Jackson suffered a heart attack, after which directing animator Eric Larson of Disney ‘s Nine Old Men took over as conductor, whose unit of measurement would animate the forest sequence. [ 31 ] By April 1954, Sleeping Beauty was scheduled for a February 1957 exhaust, although it was subsequently postponed to Christmas. Later that lapp year, Disney began constructing the Disneyland root park and developing the television receiver series Disneyland and The Mickey Mouse Club. He assigned most of the studio apartment personnel, who were working on Sleeping Beauty at that fourth dimension, to develop those projects, and Sleeping Beauty was temporarily suspended. [ 6 ] During its dormancy, the visualize was handed to Erdman Penner and Joe Rinaldi for promote narrative development, while the palace built at Disneyland was specifically named Sleeping Beauty Castle to promote the movie. [ 32 ] output of Sleeping Beauty resumed in December 1956, and by that prison term the release date was scheduled for Christmas 1958. Disney wanted to oversee every expression of the movie or otherwise “ he would n’t accept it ” ; however, he remained very focused on Disneyland. Animator Milt Kahl would blame him for the numerous delays because “ he would n’t have narrative meetings. He would n’t get the curse thing moving ”. According to studio apartment executive Harry Tytle, after a shield of the finished footage in August 1957, Disney besides expressed the disinterest in the project, “ giving more general comments, rather than specific. ” constant production delays led to a meaning increase in its costs, which Disney was dysphoric with. relatively recently in output, he removed Larson as supervising director and replaced him with Clyde Geronimi. Wolfgang Reitherman, an animator from the Nine Old Men, joined Geronimi as sequence director over the climactic draco battle sequence, gloss : “ We took the access that we were going to kill that damned prince ! ” [ 35 ] Les Clark, another animator from the Nine Old Men, served as the sequence director of the elaborate opening picture where crowd of the citizens in the kingdom arrive at the palace for the display of Princess Aurora. [ 36 ]

Art commission [edit ]

Kay Nielsen —whose sketches were the basis for the Night on Bald Mountain section in Fantasia ( 1940 ) —was the inaugural to produce styling sketches for the film in 1952. product couturier Ken Anderson was impressed with Nielsen ‘s artwork, but felt his soft pastel paintings would be unmanageable to translate into animation. Disney then tasked John Hench to help interpret Nielsen ‘s artwork without losing their capture by using opaque cel key. additionally, Hench observed The Hunt of the Unicorn at the Cloisters located at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. When Hench returned to the Disney studios, he brought reproductions of the tapestries and showed them to Disney, who replied, “ Yeah, we could use that style for Sleeping Beauty. ” Eyvind Earle joined Walt Disney Productions in 1951, first employed as an adjunct background painter for Peter Pan ( 1953 ). He was then promoted to a full-fledged background painter for the Goofy cartoon “ For Whom the Bulls Toil ” and the color hairdresser for the Academy Award-winning shortstop Toot, Whistle, Plunk and Boom ( 1953 ). [ 40 ] For Sleeping Beauty, Earle said that he “ felt wholly unblock to put my own style ” into the paintings he based on Hench ‘s drawings, stating, “ Where his trees might have curved, I straightened them out … I took a Hench and took the lapp subject, and the composition he had, and merely turned in into my style. ” furthermore, Earle found inspiration in the french Renaissance, utilizing works from Albrecht Dürer, Limbourg Brothers, Pieter Bruegel, Nicolaas vanguard Eyck and Sandro Botticelli, deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as iranian art and japanese prints. When Geronimi became the supervising film director, Earle and Geronimi entered angry creative differences. Geronimi had felt Earle ‘s paintings “ lacked the climate in a draw of things. All that beautiful detail in the trees, the bark, and all that, that ‘s all well and full, but who the hell ‘s going to look at that ? The backgrounds became more important than the liveliness. He ‘d made them more like Christmas cards “. [ 31 ] Earle left the Disney studios in March 1958, before Sleeping Beauty was completed, to take a job at John Sutherland Productions. As a consequence, Geronimi had Earle ‘s background paintings softened and diluted from their classifiable medieval texture .

liveliness [edit ]

Live-action character [edit ]

Before the vivification summons began, a live-action character translation was filmed with live actors in costume serving as models for the animators, which Walt Disney insisted on because he wanted the characters to appear “ vitamin a real as potential, near flesh-and-blood ”. however, Milt Kahl objected to this method acting, calling it “ a crutch, a stifle of the creative effort. Anyone worth his salt in this business ought to know how people move ”. Helene Stanley was the live military action reference for Princess Aurora. [ 45 ] The only sleep together surviving footage of Stanley as Aurora ‘s live-action reference is a clip from the television plan Disneyland, which featured several artists sketching her dance with the makeshift forest animals. Stanley had previously provided live-action reference for Cinderella ( 1950 ) [ 46 ] [ 47 ] and later for Anita from One Hundred and One Dalmatians ( 1961 ), [ 46 ] and portrayed Polly Crockett for the television series Davy Crockett, King of the Wild Frontier. After receiving a call from her future conserve, Marc Davis, who was animating Aurora, dressmaker Alice Estes went down to Disney and sewed the full-dress Helene Stanley wore as the model for Briar Rose. This was the first base wardrobe design Alice Estes did for Disney, which led to her designing costumes for the characters featured in the Pirates of the Caribbean and It ‘s a small World attraction rides. [ 48 ] The function of Prince Phillip was modeled by Ed Kemmer, [ 47 ] who had played Commander Buzz Corry on television receiver ‘s Space Patrol [ 49 ] five years before Sleeping Beauty was released. For the final battle succession, Kemmer was photographed on a wooden buck. The live-action model for Maleficent was Eleanor Audley, who besides voiced the character. [ 50 ] Dancer Jane Fowler was besides a live-action citation for Maleficent. [ 47 ] [ 51 ] Among the actresses who performed in reference footage for this film were Spring Byington and Frances Bavier. The function of King Stefan was modeled by Hans Conried, who had previously modeled Captain Hook and George Darling in Peter Pan ( 1953 ) .

Character vivification [edit ]

Because of the artistic depth of Earle ‘s backgrounds, it was decided for the characters to be stylized then that they could appropriately match the backgrounds. [ 52 ] While the layout artists and animators were shanghai with Earle ‘s paintings, they finally grew depressed at working with a manner that many of them regarded ampere besides cold, besides flat, and excessively modernist for a fagot narrative. Nevertheless, Disney insisted on the ocular design, claiming that the inspirational art he had commissioned in the by had been homogenized by the animators. Frank Thomas would complain to Ken Peterson, head of the animation department, of Earle ‘s “ very inflexible design ” and its suppress effect on the animators, which was more debatable than working with Mary Blair ‘s designs, to which Peterson would respond that the design style was Disney ‘s decision and, like it or not, they had to use it. Because of this, Thomas developed a crimson mottle on his confront and had to visit the repair each week to have it attended to. Production couturier Ken Anderson besides complained : “ I had to fight myself to make myself draw that way. ” Another character animator on Aurora claimed that their unit was indeed cautious about the drawings that the clean-up animators produced one drawing a day, which translated into one second of screen door time per month. meanwhile, Tom Oreb was tasked as character hairdresser that would not only inhabit the style of the backgrounds, but besides fit with the contemporary UPA style. Likewise with Earle ‘s background style, the animators complained that the character designs were excessively fixed to animate. [ 55 ] Oreb had in the first place designed Aurora to resemble actress Audrey Hepburn but, according to animator Ron Dias, “ Eyvind redesigned her. She became very angular, moving with more fluidity and elegance, but her blueprint had a harder argumentation. The edges of her dress became squarer, pointed even, and the back of her question came about to a sharpen preferably than round and cuddlesome like the other Disney girls. It had to be done to complement the setting. ” [ 56 ] For Maleficent, animator Marc Davis drew divine guidance from czech religious paintings and used “ the red and black curtain in the back that looked like flames that I thought would be great to use. I took the theme of the collar partially from a bat, and the horns looked like a satan ”. however, in an act of artistic compromise, Earle, with final approval on the character designs, requested the change to lavender as red would come off excessively solid, in which Davis agreed to. [ 57 ] veteran animators Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston were assigned as directing animators over the three good fairies : Flora, Fauna and Merryweather. Disney urged for the fairies to be more homogeneous, which Thomas and Johnston objected to. Thomas stated that they had “ thought ‘that ‘s not going to be any fun ‘. So we started figuring the early way and worked on how we could develop them into special personalities ”. [ 58 ] John Lounsbery animated the “ Skumps ” succession between Kings Hubert and Stefan. [ 52 ] Chuck Jones, best known for his workplace with Warner Bros. Cartoons, worked on the film from July to November 1953 after Jack Warner had closed the studio apartment, anticipating that three-d film would replace animation as a box office pull back. [ 59 ] Following the failure of three-d, and the transposition of Warner ‘s decision, Jones returned to the other studio. His work on Sleeping Beauty, which he spent four months on, remained uncredited. Another celebrated energizer who worked on the film was Don Bluth, who served as an adjunct energizer to Lounsbery. [ 60 ] Bluth would leave after two years but finally came back in the 1970s .

Casting [edit ]

For the function of Princess Aurora, several LP records from forty female singers were heard by the report artists, and fifteen from among them auditioned at the studio. In 1952, Mary Costa was invited to a dinner party where she sang “ When I Fall in Love “ at the then-named Los Angeles Conservatory of Music. Following the performance, she was approached by Walter Schumann, who told her, “ I do n’t want to shock you, but I ‘ve been looking [ for Aurora ] for three years and I want to set up an audition. Would you do it ? ” Costa accepted the offer and, at her audition in the record booth with George Bruns, she was asked to sing and do a bird birdcall. She initially did in her native Tennessee stress until she was advised to do an English stress. The adjacent sidereal day, she was informed by Disney that she was hired for the function. [ 62 ] [ 63 ] For Prince Phillip, twenty male singers auditioned, and Bill Shirley was the final choice. Before Costa and Shirley were selected, both made hearing records together to determine if their voices complimented each other. After hearing the records, Disney was convinced they did. Eleanor Audley initially turned down the choice role of Maleficent as she was battling tuberculosis at the clock, but reconsidered .

music [edit ]

In April 1952, Billboard reported that Jack Lawrence and Sammy Fain had signed to compose the score. [ 66 ] In the surveil year, Disney decided the score should be based on Peter Tchaikovsky ‘s Sleeping Beauty Ballet, which rendered the songs Lawrence and Fain had written unserviceable except for the lyrics for “ Once Upon a dream ”. [ 67 ] Walter Schumann was originally slated to be the film composer, but he left the project because of creative differences with Disney. George Bruns was recommended to replace Schumann by energizer Ward Kimball. Because of a musicians ‘ strike, the musical grade was recorded in Berlin, Germany with the Graunke Symphony Orchestra from September 8 through November 25, 1958. [ 68 ] [ 10 ] The Classic Disney: 60 Years of Musical Magic album includes “ Once Upon a Dream “ on the green phonograph record, and “ I Wonder ” on the empurpled magnetic disk. additionally, Disney’s Greatest Hits includes “ Once Upon a pipe dream ” on the blue magnetic disk. The 1973 LP compilation 50 Happy Years of Disney Favorites ( Disneyland, STER-3513 ) includes “ Once Upon a dream ” as the one-seventh track on Side IV, american samoa well as a track titled “ Blue Bird – I Wonder ” labeled as being from this film with writing by Hibler, Sears, and Bruns ( like set, Side II, track 4 ). Although Bruns took much credit for the score, he derived most of his work from the themes and melodies in Tchaikovsky ‘s ballet Sleeping Beauty. Yma Sumac covered “ I Wonder ” for Stay Awake in 1988. No Secrets performed a cover translation of “ Once Upon a dream ” on the album Disneymania 2, which appears as a music video on the 2003 DVD. More recently, Emily Osment sang a remake of “ Once Upon a Dream “, released on the Disney Channel on September 12, 2008, and included on the Platinum Edition DVD and Blu-ray Disc. In the 2012 album Disney – Koe no Oujisama, which features versatile japanese voice actors covering Disney songs, “ once Upon a pipe dream ” was covered by Toshiyuki Morikawa. [ citation needed ] In prediction of the 2014 film Maleficent, a cover version sung by Lana Del Rey was released by Disney on January 26. The song is well dark and more dramatic than the 1959 adaptation, given the raw film ‘s concentrate on the villain Maleficent. The song was debuted in a preview for the film shown as a commercial rupture during the 2014 Grammy Awards, and was released for exempt on Google Play for a limited clock time. [ 69 ] [ 70 ]

Songs [edit ]

original songs performed in the film include :

exhaust [edit ]

master theatrical run [edit ]

Disney ‘s distribution sleeve, Buena Vista Distribution, originally released Sleeping Beauty to theaters in both standard 35 millimeter prints and large-format 70 millimeter prints. The Super Technirama 70 prints were equipped with six-track stereophonic sound ; some CinemaScope -compatible 35 millimeter Technirama prints were released in four-track stereo, and others had monaural soundtracks. The movie premiered in Los Angeles on January 29, 1959. [ 71 ] On the initial run, Sleeping Beauty was paired with the documentary short film Grand Canyon ( 1958 ) which won an Academy Award. [ 72 ] During its original exhaust in January 1959, Sleeping Beauty grossed approximately $ 5.3 million in theater rentals ( the allocator ‘s share of the box agency gross ) from the United States and Canada. [ 73 ] [ 74 ] Sleeping Beauty’s product costs, which totaled $ 6 million, made it the most expensive Disney film up to that point, and complete doubly equally expensive as each of the preceding three Disney animated features : Alice in Wonderland ( 1951 ), Peter Pan ( 1953 ), and Lady and the Tramp ( 1955 ). The gamey production costs of Sleeping Beauty, coupled with the underperformance of much of the rest of Disney ‘s 1959–1960 release slate, resulted in the company posting its beginning annual loss in a decade for fiscal year 1960, and there were massive lay-offs throughout the animation department. [ 76 ]
Like Alice in Wonderland ( 1951 ), which was not initially successful either, Sleeping Beauty was never re-released stagily in Walt Disney ‘s life. however, it had many re-releases in theaters over the decades. The film was re-released stagily in 1970, [ 77 ] where it was released on standard 35 millimeter movie. The release garnered rentals of $ 3.8 million. [ 78 ] It was re-released in May 1979 at the Crest Theatre in Seattle in 70 mm [ 79 ] 6 channel stereophonic for a ten-week test engagement. [ 80 ] The film went into wide-eyed release later that year in both 70 millimeter and in 35 millimeter stereo and infectious mononucleosis. [ 81 ] It had a farther reissue in 1986 [ 82 ] when it grossed $ 15 million in the United States and Canada [ 3 ] and again in 1995. [ 83 ] It was in the first place going to be re-released in 1993 ( as was advertised on the 1992 VHS release of Beauty and the Beast ( 1991 ) ) but it was cancelled and pushed back two years subsequently to 1995. Sleeping Beauty ‘s successful reissues have made it the second most successful film released in 1959, second to Ben-Hur ( 1959 ), [ 84 ] with a life crude in the United States and Canada of $ 51.6 million. [ 3 ] When adjusted for ticket price inflation, the domestic total megascopic averages closely $ 681 million, placing it within the top 40 of films. [ 85 ] From July 9 to August 13, 2012, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences organized “ The last 70MM Film Festival ” at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater, where the academy, its members, and the Hollywood industry acknowledged the importance, beauty, and stateliness of the 70 millimeter film format and how its image and timbre is lake superior to that of digital film. The Academy selected the postdate films, which were shot on 70 millimeter, to be screened to make a instruction about it, ampere well as to gain a new taste for familiar films in a way it had n’t ahead : It’s a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World ( 1963 ), Sleeping Beauty, Grand Prix ( 1966 ), The Sound of Music ( 1965 ), 2001: A Space Odyssey ( 1968 ), and Spartacus ( 1960 ), along with other short subject films on the 70 millimeter format. [ 86 ] A shield of the 70 millimeter print of the movie was held during the 70 millimeter & Widescreen Film Festival at the Somerville Theatre on September 18, 2016. [ 87 ]

home media [edit ]

Sleeping Beauty was released on VHS, Betamax, and LaserDisc on October 14, 1986, in the Classics collection, [ 88 ] becoming the first Disney Classics video to be digitally processed in Hi-Fi stereo. During its 1986 VHS release, it sold over one million copies. [ 89 ] The release went into moratorium on March 31, 1988. [ 90 ] The VHS was first released on November 6, 1989, in the United Kingdom. The movie underwent a digital restoration in 1997, and that version was released to both VHS and LaserDisc in fullscreen and widescreen as contribution of the Masterpiece Collection on September 16. The 1997 VHS edition besides came with a special commemorative booklet included, with brief facts on the make of the movie. Sleeping Beauty was released on VHS and DVD in a 2-disc “ special edition ” on September 9, 2003. This THX -certified DVD release included both a widescreen version ( formatted at 2.35:1 ) and a pan and scan version a well. [ 91 ] Its DVD supplements included the making-of featurette from the 1997 VHS, the documentary film Grand Canyon, the Life of Tchaikovsky section of The Peter Tchaikovsky Story from the Walt Disney anthology television series, [ 92 ] a virtual veranda of concept art, layout and background designs, three trailers, and audio comment from Mary Costa, Eyvind Earle, and Ollie Johnston. [ 93 ] A Platinum Edition free of Sleeping Beauty, as a 2-disc DVD and Blu-ray, was released on October 7, 2008, in the US, making Sleeping Beauty the first installment in the Platinum Edition wrinkle to be released in high-definition video. This release was based upon the 2007 renovation of the film from the original Technicolor negatives ( interpositives several generations removed from the original negative were used for other family video recording releases ). The new restoration features the film in its full negative aspect proportion of 2.55:1, which is wider than both the prints shown at the film ‘s master specify Technirama engagements in 2.20:1 and the CinemaScope-compatible reduction prints for general release at 2.35:1. The Blu-ray set features BD-Live, an on-line feature, and the extras include a virtual castle and multi-player games. [ 94 ] The Blu-ray release besides includes a music television of “ Once Upon A Dream ” sung by Emily Osment ; and featuring Daniel Romer as Prince Philip. The film was released on a Diamond Edition Blu-ray, DVD, and Digital HD on October 7, 2014, after six years since its first meter on Blu-ray. Sleeping Beauty was re-released on HD digital download and Blu-ray on September 24, 2019, as character of the Walt Disney Signature Collection in honor of the film ‘s sixtieth anniversary. [ 95 ]

reception [edit ]

critical answer [edit ]

Bosley Crowther, writing in his review for The New York Times, complimented that “ the colors are rich, the sounds are juicy and magic trick sparkles spurt charmingly from wands ”, but criticized its similarity with Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. He far wrote that “ the princess looks then much like Snow White they could be a pair of Miss Rheingolds separated by three or four years. And she has the like charming rapport with the short creatures of the woods. The hex is the same slant-eyed circe who worked her evil on Snow White. And the three beneficial fairies could be maiden over sisters of the misogynous seven shadow. ” [ 96 ] A review in Time magazine harshly wrote that “ evening the trace in Sleeping Beauty is blunt : a compromise between bathetic, crayon-book childishness and the screen of cunning, commercial cubism that tries to seem daring but is truly just square. The hero and heroine are sugar sculpt, and the witch looks like a bungling trace from a Charles Addams cartoon. The plat frequently seems to owe less to the tradition of the fairy fib than to the formula of the monster movie. In the final virginia reel it is not a bare antique enchantress the hero has to kill, but the very latest model of The Thing from 40,000 Fathoms. ” [ 97 ] Harrison’s Reports wrote : “ It is doubtful, however, if adults will find as much satisfaction in Sleeping Beauty as they did in Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, with which this latest campaign will be assuredly compared because both stories are in many respects like. While Beauty is unquestionably victor from the point of view of the art of animation, it lacks comedy characters that can be compared favorably with the unforgettable Seven Dwarfs. ” [ 98 ] Among more friendly reviews, Variety praised the sing voices of Mary Costa and Bill Shirley and noted that “ some of the best parts of the movie are those dealing with the three good fairies, spoken and sung by Verna Felton, Barbara Jo Allen and Barbara Luddy. ” [ 99 ] Kate Cameron, reviewing for The New York Daily News, described the film as “ enchanting ” and as a “ picture that will charm the young and tickle adults, since the erstwhile fairy fib has been transferred to the screen by a Disney who kept his spit in his cheek throughout the film ‘s animation. ” [ 100 ] Among contemporary reviews, Dave Kehr of The Chicago Reader late wrote that Sleeping Beauty was “ the masterpiece of the Disney Studios ’ postwar style. The liveliness has been stripped down, in accord with economic imperatives, but what the images lose in shade and detail they gain in intensity and fluidity … Though early Disney features were done in the wide-screen format, this is the only one that seizes the full moon dramatic potential of the drawn-out space, most unusually when the dragon makes its dramatic appearance in the final reel. ” [ 101 ] Charles Solomon, reviewing for the Los Angeles Times, felt the movie “ represents the climax of Walt Disney ‘s feat … to elevate vivification to an artwork form, ” although he later wrote “ lacks the hard story line of the early Disney features. The central woo between Prince Philip and Princess Aurora is n’t identical interest ”. [ 102 ] The review collector web site Rotten Tomatoes reported that the film received an 89 % based on 46 reviews, approval rate with an average rating of 8.2/10. Its consensus states that “ This Disney dreamscape contains moments of magnificence, with its alcoholic colors, charming atmosphere, [ and ] one of the most endanger villains in the Disney canon. ” [ 103 ]

Awards and nominations [edit ]

The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists :

bequest [edit ]

Video games [edit ]

In the Kingdom Hearts television game series by Square Enix, Maleficent is featured as a villain in all but one of the games. Aurora concisely appears in the original Kingdom Hearts as one of the seven Princesses of Heart. The good fairies besides appear in Kingdom Hearts II, giving Sora new clothes. Diablo, Maleficent ‘s raven, appears in Kingdom Hearts II to resurrect his defeated mistress. Kingdom Hearts Birth by Sleep features a earth based on the movie, Enchanted Dominion, and characters who appear are Princess Aurora/Briar Rose, Maleficent, Maleficent ‘s goons, the three fairies and Prince Phillip, the latter serve as temp party member for Aqua during her conflict against Maleficent and her henchmen. Aurora is besides a playable quality in the game Disney Princess .

Board game [edit ]

Walt Disney’s Sleeping Beauty Game ( 1958 ) is a Parker Brothers children ‘s board game for two to four players based upon Sleeping Beauty. The object of the game is to be the first actor holding three unlike movie cards to reach the palace and the space marked “ The end ”. [ 115 ] maleficent is featured on the cover of Ravensburger ‘s Disney ‘s Villainous dining table game of which she is besides a playable character. Her goal is to place a hex on each of the four locations in her playable kingdom .

composition parks [edit ]

Sleeping Beauty was made while Walt Disney was building Disneyland ( hence the six-year production time ). To help promote the film, Imagineers named the ballpark ‘s picture “ Sleeping Beauty Castle “ ( it was primitively to be Snow White ‘s ). [ citation needed ] An indoor walk-through show was added to the empty palace interior in 1957, where guests could walk through the castle, up and over the castle entrance, viewing “ fib Moment ” panorama of scenes from the film, which were improved with animated figurines in 1977. It closed soon after the September 11, 2001 attacks, purportedly because the dark, unmonitored corridors were a risk. [ citation needed ] After being closed for seven years, the show space undergo across-the-board period renovation to restore the original 1957 displays, and reopened to guests on November 27, 2008. Accommodations were besides made on the ground shock with a “ virtual ” version for disable guests unable to navigate stairs. Hong Kong Disneyland opened in 2005, besides with a Sleeping Beauty Castle, about replicating Disneyland ‘s master design. Le Château de la Belle au Bois Dormant at Disneyland Paris is a version of Sleeping Beauty Castle. The version found at Disneyland Paris is much more evocative of the film ‘s artistic direction. The Château features an animatronic draco, imagineered to look like Maleficent ‘s dragon shape, is found in the lower flush keep – La Tanière du Dragon. [ 116 ] The build up besides contains La Galerie de la Belle au Bois Dormant, a gallery of displays which illustrate the report of Sleeping Beauty in tapestries, stained-glass windows and figures. [ 117 ] Princess Aurora ( and, to a lesser extent, Prince Phillip, Fauna, Flora and Merryweather, Maleficent and her goons ) makes regular appearances in the parks and parades. maleficent is featured as one of the villains in the night show Fantasmic ! at Disneyland and Disney ‘s Hollywood Studios .

early appearances [edit ]

stage adaptation [edit ]

A scaled-down one act stagecoach musical translation of the film with the entitle Disney’s Sleeping Beauty KIDS is much performed by schools and children ‘s theaters. [ 120 ] With book and extra lyrics by Marcy Heisler and Bryan Louiselle, the show is composed of twelve melodious numbers, including the movie songs. [ 121 ]

Live-action film adaptations [edit ]

In Walt Disney Pictures ‘ alive action adaptation Maleficent, released in May 2014, Angelina Jolie plays the character of Maleficent and Elle Fanning plays Princess Aurora. The movie was directed by Robert Stromberg in his directorial introduction, produced by Don Hahn and Joe Roth, and written by Linda Woolverton. A sequel to this film began production in May 2018 and was released in October 2019. [ 122 ] [ 123 ]

See besides [edit ]

References [edit ]

bibliography [edit ]

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